Austin N., Erin C., Sarah M., Brianna P., and Haley S.
Link to "Egg-Straordinary: A Magazine of the 1920's":

The Great Gatsby Cover.gif
Cover of The Great Gatsby

The Great Gatsby: Summary of Novel
The Great Gatsby is the story of a man named Nick Carraway, who moves from Chicago to an area of Long Island called West Egg. In West Egg, he lives next to Jay Gatsby, who is known everywhere for his extravagant, crazy, and luxurious parties. The reader is introduced to Daisy Buchanan, Nick’s beautiful and captivating cousin, and her husband Tom Buchanan, who is violent and dominating. Tom has shameless affairs with a woman named Myrtle Wilson, and Daisy knows of and hates this affair. Nick becomes close to Gatsby after he attends one of his parties, and they spend more and more time together and become close friends. Carraway soon finds out that Gatsby and Daisy are actually acquaintances, who used to be lovers before Gatsby went to the war. Daisy married Tom during Gatsby’s absence, but once they meet again the two realize they have lingering feelings for one another and they begin to have a long and secret affair. Though Gatsby’s life is shrouded in mystery, Nick begins to understand him better and better and picks up pieces of his past. One day, Gatsby, Daisy, Jordan Baker (Nick’s on and off girlfriend), Tom and Nick decide to go out to breakfast, and on the way Tom discovers Daisy’s affair and becomes enraged. He tells Daisy of all the shady business that Gatsby is involved in, and Daisy declares that she doesn't really love Gatsby and doesn't love him as much as she seemed to. On their way home from breakfast, Myrtle Wilson runs out into the road and Daisy runs over her with the car by accident, killing her instantly. Daisy and Gatsby speed home and Daisy returns to her life with Tom. Myrtle’s husband recognizes the car that killed his wife in Gatsby’s driveway and finds Gatsby and kills him for revenge. The story ends with Nick and his realizations about Gatsby, as well as the lessons this event has taught him.

F. Scott Fitzgerald
F. Scott Fitzgerald

The Life of F. Scott Fitzgerald: Biography

According to Biography.com, Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald was born in St. Paul, Minnesota on September 24, 1896. He was named after his second cousin Francis Scott Key, the author of the Star-Spangled Banner, our nation’s anthem. (Biography.com). His father, Edward Fitzgerald, worked with Proctor and Gamble which kept their family moving around Buffalo and Syracuse for the majority of Fitzgerald’s childhood. (Brandeis). When his father lost his job with them, their family returned to St. Paul (biography.com). In St. Paul he attended the St. Paul Academy, and at the age of 13 his first story, a detective story, was published in the school newspaper. At the age of 15 he was sent to Newman School in New Jersey, where Father Sigourney Fay took interest in his talent for writing and gave him encouragement
. (Biography.com) He attended Princeton University but was not serious about his studies. He was placed on probation, and knowing that he probably wouldn’t graduate, he dropped out of school and joined the army (University of South Carolina).In the war, he because convinced that he would soon die and wrote a novel, sending it in to a publishing company. It was rejected but they encouraged him to resubmit the piece after he edited it (University of South Carolina). Fitzgerald was assigned to Camp Sheridan in Alabama, where he met and fell in love with Zelda Sayre, daughter of a Supreme Court Judge. They became engaged (University of South Carolina). He was rejected several more times by the publishing companies, and Zelda finally broke off the engagement because of his small salary (University of South Carolina). Finally, his novel, This Side of Paradise, was accepted by Scribner’s publishing company (University of South Carolina).
F Scott Fitzgerald and Zelda.jpg
F Scott Fitzgerald with wife, Zelda Fitzgerald

After the fame and money this novel brought him, he was able to marry Zelda Sayre and they had one daughter together (Biography.com). In 1924, he moved to France, and in Valescure he wrote The Great Gatsby (biography.com), which has been considered his best work. However, this book did not reach the zenith of its popularity until the 50’s and 60’s, after Fitzgerald’s death. Upon completion of The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald moved into ‘a slump’. He became a severe alcoholic, and Zelda suffered from many mental health issues (Biography.com). According to Biography.com, she was committed to a mental health institution for a period of time in Switzerland, and after their return to the states she had to be committed again to Johns-Hopkins hospital. Fitzgerald wrote a book at this time, Tender is the Night, rumored to be based on events from his own life (Biography.com). After attempting to work on another novel, he died of a heart attack on December 21, 1940 (Biography.com). Although many of his works did not attain fame during his lifetime, his novels have been regarded as some of the best written at the time.

-Erin C.

Affects of the book

When the The Great Gatsby was first published in 1925 it was not well received by readers. It had many good reviews and his writer friends praised him for another good piece of writing. There was much disappointment when the book did not receive the commercial success of his other works. In fact it did not receive the fame and success it has today until the author, F. Scott Fitzgerald, passed away. An article published by the New York Times hinted at the potential of the book that was never achieved. When the article was released it gained more and more readers helping it reach its renowned reputation. Soon after that several thousand copies were given to Soldiers participating in WWII which also helped it gain more readers.
The Great Gatsby reflected exactly what was going on in the time that it was written. It was written in the late 1920’s which was the heart of the Jazz age. Many people thought that it portrayed the corruption in the 1920s. The disarray and violence happening in World War I left people in shock. The generation that participated in the war turned to materialism and wild social lives to compensate for the dismay. In fact the book reflects Fitzgerald living style and is very similar to the social aspect of his life. Some believe the main character, Nick Carraway, is a portrayal of Fitzgerald himself.(Montgomery College, Maryland)

Sarah McCroskey

Movement of the book

Realism is defined as a movement in which all of the parts of a story are real. The characters are always true to what they really are. In Realism the plot will be sacrificed in order to stay true to the characters and how they would actually be. Verisimilitude, a faithful representation of reality, is a very important concept in realism. Another movement that is apparent in The Great Gatsby is The Lost Generation. The main concepts include, post war disillusionment, lack of morality, despair, and indulgence.
The Lost Generation is especially prevalent in this book and can be seen every time the characters have elaborate parties and get overly drunk. The decisions that are made are made under a lack of morality. The wealthy people of this time period are very into indulging themselves in not only alcohol, but in extravagant things. In The Great Gatsby, the characters all have their own story and while the plot is not very involved it is obvious that the characters take prevalence over the plot. The characters in The Great Gatsby are very impulsive in that they just make rash decisions and there are not many repercussions for them because of their wealth. These wealthy people are an accurate representation of the people in that time with their drinking, affairs and lavish parties.

Haley S.

Social Psychology of 1920's

In 1920 there was a lot going on at the time. Henry Ford was just selling his ford for about $290 which meant cars had an effect on the rich. Another event going on was the one half ounce of alcohol being illegal. Even though it was unsuccessful it made the Jazz Age. Another event going on at the time was prohibition and intolerance of others. So if you were different it was not accepted. Another important event going on at the time was the 19th amendment which allowed women to vote. That set the tone of how women were treated and thought of because they were just now able to vote. So at the time white rich men were at the top of the hierarchy.

A study was done on the social psychology of the time in the 1920’s. It concluded that the attitude toward instincts had become less important compared to wealth and material things. People were being seen and judged by what they had instead of the person that they had. This is shown in the book by what people thought of Jay Gatsby who had every material thing out there. Overall the people were defining each other by what they had instead of their personalities. Seeing how that was the mentality at the time you can see why rich people looked down on poor people. It was because the rich had more material things and therefore those material things defined how they were supposedly better than those without. (Social Psychology of 1920's)

Brianna P.

Automobiles 1920's
Rolls Royce, a popular car of the time period
Rolls Royce, a popular car of the time period

A huge part of 1920's history, and specifically rich 1920's history was their technology. The automobiles was one of these technologies that become prevalent in The Great Gatsby. Gatsby himself owned a very expensive Rolls Royce. A brand of automobiles that I'm sure you have heard of was the Rolls Royce which was introduced in 1998(1920-30), and became a notable expensive vehicles. The invention of the automobile was very influential on the book and events that took place, but also on transportation in the 1920's to 2012. Roll's Royce wasn't the only brand introduced during the 1920's though. Buick, Cadillac, Ford, and Lincoln were also starting to become popular in the 1920's and are still popular today.(1920's-30)

Rolls Royce

Music 1920's
Another advancement made in the 1920's was the music. When you think of music in the 1920's the first genre that you'll think of is Jazz. (1920-30)Jazz was booming in the 1920's and the music is often referenced in the book at Gatsby's party. Charleston was introduced as a dance in the 1920's as well. This music labeled the social norm for the 1920's which has a big impact on the parties and social gatherings represented in the book. With the rise of the radio in the 1820's as well music just became more and more prevalent and popular. The radio and the phonographs were spreading music to where they normally wouldn't causing connections between people, and spreading the social influence (Academia).

Austin N.

Prezi Presentation

The Great Gatsby: A Movie Trailer (2012)