Barrett R., Moriah S., Adam S., and Gordon H.




Synopsis
In Chapter 1, Nick moves to New York and got a house in West Egg. East Egg is where the richer people lived, but Nick had friends in West Egg that he graduated with from Yale. Gatsby is Nick's next door neighbor. One day, Nick went to East Egg to have dinner with Daisy(his cousin) and her husband Tom. Tom loved Myrtle, who was Wilson's wife. Tom has been having an affair with Myrtle. Gatsby quickly became well known in New York because he threw huge parties at his mansion. One day Nick saw Jordan(Tom and Daisy's friend) and she told him about a conversation she had with Gatsby. Gatsby was in love with Daisy, and before Daisy married Tom, she was in love with Gatsby. Nick decided to set Gastby and Daisy up so the could reunite with each other, but gatsby thought the meeting was a mistake.
The truth about Gatsby had finally come out. His real name was James Gatz and he went to St. Olaf's for college, but only survived for two weeks. One day a rich man named Dan Cody took James Gatz in and changed his name. After Cody died, he left Gatsby with money and Gatsby used the money to help him have a successful life.

History of the Time Period
The setting of the Great Gatsby is the same as the time period of when F. Scott Fitzgerald wrote the book. This time period is the early 1920's. Right before the 20's, the First World War had occurred. Aftermath of this Great War had brought wealth to America. The Rich received a huge benefit from this. The poor though, on the other hand did not receive anything. Therefore, there was a huge class divide between the two groups of people.
The benefits that the 20's experienced though were overflowing. Money was tossed around like it didn't mean anything. The rich indulged, and it seemed like things were bought all the time. Jazz was the popular music during the 1920's. Although all of these things boosted the economy, one thing kept the streets of big cities scary. That was Organized Crime. Organized Crime also grew during the 20's, and this was a downfall. Besides the huge class divide and organized crime, life was good for the rich. Lastly, there was new slang in the 20's. Words like Attaboy, Fughetaboutit, applesauce, were big.

Literary Movement To Which The Book Belongs
The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald is classified to be under the Modernism movement of American Literature. The Modernism movement came into practice in the early 19th century, but was not fully adopted by authors and artists alike until almost twenty years later. This movement in the early 1900’s was mainly driven by the new scientific and social advances being made during this time period (Cambell University). The modern age was finally starting to appear into view, and the jazz period was in huge popularity. This not only gave authors the means to write more modern stories, but to write them in the context of a time period that was occurring while they were written.
Most writing that occurred during the American Modernist movement revolved around the jazz, and culture that the author was enveloped in (Campbell University). This included, but was certainly not limited to; murder, romance, and prohibition. These elements were what defined the difference between the Naturalist, and American Modernist movements. If the Great Gatsby is closely examined, all three of these elements are found as the motivating force behind the main story.

New York in the 1920s
New York seemed to be the Epicenter of what was known as the “roaring twenties” and ‘The Great Gatsby’ really captures the essence of what life was like in New York at that time. F. Scott Fitzgerald was actually one of the icons of the time. The population of New York was about 6 million. New York was the center for immigration and also largely involved in commerce, manufacturing and had a wide-spread culture. The 1920s in New York was known as the Jazz Age due to the large influence of jazz music and dance which was played during the thousands of party’s that were held during this time period.
New York was also a center of political revolts and protesting, with the most well-known instance being the Wall Street bombings in 1920. This was backed up by the increased prominence of organized crime in the city. The gangs of New York were just being created at this time, and it was something that the city hadn't experiences before. New York was home to extreme wealth, and the people had an overall sense of freedom due to the major advances in technology around this time, such as moving pictures and modern automobiles. The twenties really seemed to be the hay-day of New York and it has been largely affected by the events and culture that was prominent over 90 years ago.
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Author Biography
F. Scott Fitzgerald was born on September 24 1896 in St. Paul Minnesota. He attended St. Paul Academy and wrote several plays and staged them with classmates while he was there. when he was 13 he published his first newspaper in the school newspaper. Fitzgerald went to Princeton but failed to spend enough time on his studies because he wrote scripts and lyrics for the school musicals., so he went into the Army. Fitzgerald’s first novel was published on March 26th 1920. He is famous for his book the Great Gatsby.
Fitzgerald met his wife, Zelda, in 1917. Zelda refused to marry him until she was certain he had enough money to support her. Fitzgerald was discharged from the army in 1919 and moved to New York. A year later he published his first novel, The Sight of Paradise. His first book was very popular and he made a lot of money off of it, so he then asked Zelda to marry him. The couple had a daughter named Francis. In 1924, Fitzgerald moved to France hoping to help him initiate his innovation. A year later he published his greatest work ever, The Great Gatsby. Fitzgerald soon after started struggling with depression and became an alcoholic. Fitzgerald died of a heart attack on December 21, 1940.

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F. Scott Fitzgerald

Great Gatsby Movie Trailer (2013)







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