Devon W., Spencer R., Gabrielle M., and Kelly J.
Book Cover
Book Cover
The Great Gatsby
By F. Scott Fitzgerald
Synopsis

Nick Carraway, the main character and narrator of the book, moves east to become a bondsman. He buys a house on the “new money” West Egg, across from the mansion of Jay Gatsby, who hosts extravagant parties. He and Gatsby’s relationship becomes stronger as different aspects of their lives intertwine. Nick also rekindles his relationship with his cousin, Daisy Buchanan, and her husband Tom. Tom, the epicenter of the drama, ignites problems with each of the characters in the book.

Literary Movement

F. Scott Fitzgerald was an author during the 1920’s. His book, The Great Gatsby, belongs to the Lost Generation literary movement. Other authors from this literary movement include Ernest Hemingway and Gertrude Stein. The movement existed in the 1920’s. According to PBS, characteristics of the Lost Generation include lost values, lost belief in progress of humans, despair leading to hedonism, and a mood of futility. These ideas developed after World War I due to post war disillusionment.


-Kelly J.

History of the setting and location

The Great Gatsby was set in Long Island and New York City. During the summer of 1922 when the book is set, New York was a center of commerce. New York experienced cultural and social changes during a time called the roaring 20’s. Population in New York increased; this included the migration of African Americans from the countryside to the city. New York was a major port city where immigrants would enter/ leave the United States. New York’s population comprised a large amount of immigrants. Immigrants joined the labor force that created many of the consumer products of the time.

Long island is divided in to four counties: Nassau, Queens, Kings, and Suffolk. Long island has adopted the urban lifestyle on the west end of the island while the east remains rural. Native Americans inhabited the island until the influx of European immigrants. Long Island’s population increased due to the growth of New York’s population. Those living on Long Island were able to commute to New York City by bus and the subway. The creation of the Long Island Railroad system benefited the city immensely; the railroad allowed Long Island to transport produce to New York and provided another source of transportation. Levittown was the first development known to build homes adjacent to each other all in one subdivision. Mansions and Estates were built along the northern coast as well; Long Island transformed into a recreational area for the wealthy population of New York.

- Kelly J.


Location of the Book
Location of the Book




The Great Gatsby written by Scott Fitzgerald was set in the Roaring Twenties, from spring to autumn of 1922. For the first time ever, during the Roaring Twenties, there were more Americans who lived in cities than on farms. Also during this time the nation’s total wealth more than doubled between the years of 1920 and 1929. The Roaring Twenties brought many conflicts for the nation as a whole and only a small amount of Americas living in the big cities were well off. Scott Fitzgerald started writing The Great Gatsby in June 22. Right after he began working on the book, Fitzgerald and his family moved to Great Neck, Long Island in 1922. This became the main setting of his book. Although The Great Gatsby is extremely well known now, it did not receive widespread attention until after Fitzgerald’s death in 1940.


Fitzgerald began writing the book in the Roaring Twenties and the book was set in the same time period which is different than most books. The 1920’s, because of the extreme economic growth, Americans began living within a “consumer society”. Conflicts were brought onto Americans, other than extremely fortunate and wealthy ones living in the big cities, because of the same goods because bought, same music being listened to, and the same things being done which caused this “mass culture” sort of affect across America. Although the Roaring Twenties were fun for some, it solely caused and lead in the Great Depression of America. (history)

(Great Gatsby)

(Salem Press)

- Spencer R.



F. Scott Fitzgerald
F. Scott Fitzgerald
RECEPTION AND REFLECTION

When The Great Gatsby was first published, it did not receive as much fame as his previous two pieces. Other famous writers, however, personally congratulated Fitzgerald on his work. It wasn't until after Fitzgerald's untimely death that his book become predominantly famous. Immediately after his death, he had faded into history so much so that his obituary talked about the missed potential The Great Gatsby had. During World War Two, the Armed Services Edition of the book gave away over 150,000 copies to soldiers currently serving. Author Arthur Mizner published a biography about Fitzgerald in the fifties and it was in the 1960's that Fitzgerald became one of the greatest writers in American history.

The Great Gatsby has influenced many other authors, including those such as Gordon Korman, the author of Jake Reinvented, which is a more modernized version of the Great Gatsby. Fitzgerald wrote The Great Gatsby to reflect the times of Prohibition in the United States, which came immediately after World War I. He portrays a society where although alcohol is illegal, it was readily available at parties and is included many times throughout the book. Not to mention that Gatsby himself became rich through bootlegging. -Devon W.

(NY Times- "Gatsby, 35 Years Later")



Biography of the Author
According to Biography.com, Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald is an author of many novels including The Great Gatsby. He was born on September 24, 1896 to Mary McQuillan and Edward Fitzgerald in St. Paul, Minnesota. For the first 10 years of his life, he spent time between Syracuse and Buffalo New York due to his father’s job as a salesman. When his father lost his job in New York, their family moved back to St. Paul to live off of his mother’s inheritance when he was 12. When he was 15, his parents sent him to a Catholic prep school in New Jersey, Newman School, where he graduated in 1913 (SC.com).

After high school, he wrote scripts, articles, and stories at Princeton University. He spent too much time writing and not on his schoolwork, so he was put on probation and later dropped out to join the Army. He was second lieutenant in Camp Sheridan in Alabama. His first novel, This Side of Paradise was written back in his hometown of St. Paul, Minnesota in 1920. He married Zelda Sayre in New York, and they had their first daughter named Frances Scott Fitzgerald in 1921. The Great Gatsby which was written while he was living in France, and this was his most coveted novel. When he returned to the United States in 1931 his wife had a mental breakdown and he suffered an addiction to alcohol and died at the age of 44 from a heart attack (Biography.com.)
- Gabrielle M.




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Picture Citations




Long island is divided in to four counties: Nassau, Queens, Kings, and Suffolk. Long island has adopted the urban lifestyle on the west end of the island while the east remains rural. Native Americans inhabited the island until the influx of European immigrants. The creation of the Long Island Railroad allowed People moved to live on long island because of the new housing developments. Long Island’s population increased due to the growth of New York’s population. Those living on Long Island were able to commute to New York City by bus and the subway. Levittown was the first development known to build homes adjacent to each other all in one subdivision. Mansions and Estates were built along the northern coast as well; Long Island turned into a recreational area for the wealthy population of New York.